Intellectual property

IB definition

"Intellectual property includes ideas, discoveries, writings, works of art, software, collections and
presentations of data. Copyright, trademarks and patents exist to protect intellectual property. However,
the easy and accurate duplication methods made available through IT can undermine such protection."

Primary rights:

CopyrightPatentTrademarkIndustrial design rightUtility modelGeographical indicationTrade secretAuthors' rightsRelated rightsMoral rights

Case Studies

Leaked Afghan War Logs on

In July 2010, the popular website released more than 90,000 US military records, revealing hidden details about the war, such as documents showing unreported killings of Afghan soldiers. The situation was described as "potentially damaging to operational security", revealing a serious case of government secrecy:

BBC article on the story:

Pirate Bay - Copyright Infringement

The Pirate Bay is a Swedish website that indexes and tracks BitTorrent files. It bills itself as "the world's largest BitTorrent Tracker and is ranked as the 96th most popular website by 'Alexa Internet'. However, in early 2009, the 3 men who run it and a businessman who sold services to the site were sentenced to a year in jail after being found guilty of promoting copyright infringement:

Other Links on Intellectual Property:

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